Some dilemmas involve the limits of rules such as when concealing information becomes a lie or conflicts between rules when telling the truth would harm an innocent person, for example. Aristotelian virtue ethics introduction aristotle 384322 bc was a scholar in. Section i outlines the components of my account of virtue. Virtue ethics other bibliographies cite this for me. The internet encyclopedia of philosophy gives a very similar definition that says that areteology is a broad term for theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing ones duty or acting in order to bring about good consequences. Virtue ethics, approach to ethics that takes the notion of virtue often conceived as excellence as fundamental.
Rosalind hursthouses stanford encyclopedia of philosophy entry on virtue ethics. Act as a virtuous person would act in your situation. Articles from britannica encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Aristotle means by eudaimonia is crucial to understanding his virtue ethical moral. Virtue ethics ve is a way of thinking about how to behave well which focuses on the character of moral agents and the nature of the good life. Responses ranged from bestselling childrens books on the virtues to. Virtue theory definition of virtue theory by medical. Email citation this is a wellwritten and comprehensive overview of. Virtue ethics kirsten ainley london school of economics k. Books in the fisher library reference collection use the contents page andor index in the books to locate information.
Virtue definition of virtue by the free dictionary. Perspectives from philosophy, theology, and psychology. Virtue ethics routledge encyclopedia of philosophy. List of books and articles about virtue online research. Virtue ethics ve is a way of thinking about how to. You can also read more about the friends of the sep. What is usually understood by ethics, however, is philosophical ethics, or moral philosophy, and in this sense the present article will treat the subject. It is a way of thinking about ethics that is characteristic of ancient greek and roman philosophers, particularly socrates, plato, and aristotle but it has become popular again since the later part of the 20th century due to the work of thinkers like elizabeth anscombe, philippa foot, and alasdair. Many consider david hume 1751 and adam smith 1759 to provide important, sentimentalist virtue ethics in the early modern period. Virtue ethics is one of the three major ethical approaches in modern moral philosophy, the other two being utilitarianism and deontology. Jason kawalls in defense of the primacy of the virtues.
Virtue ethics is primarily concerned with traits of character that are essential to human flourishing, not with the enumeration of duties. A right act is the action a virtuous person would do in the same circumstances. Introduction to aristotle, virtue ethics, and this book chapter 1. Virtue ethics is a broad term for theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing ones duty or acting in order to bring about good consequences. Moral philosophy article about moral philosophy by the. Hursthouses, on virtue ethics, is somewhat of a classic in our time.
Virtue is the most perdurable concept in the history of ethics, which is understandable given the ineradicability of the moral agent in the events of the moral life. This volume will effortlessly take its place as the defining exposition of the view. Virtue ethics i the other major concept of virtue ethics is that of virtue. In these writings, he uses logic to determine a definition and the potential. Thomas proceeded to elaborate a complete synthesis of virtue. In fact, three of the major movements in twentieth century anglophone moral philosophy rejected the traditionally normative character of the field altogether, insisting instead on a metaethics which examines the meaning of moral language, while a fourth, virtue ethics, sought and still seeks to appropriate and reinvigorate a neoaristotelian concentration on the contextual character of moral. Virtue ethics has its origin in the ancient world, particularly in the writings of plato and aristotle. Virtue ethicists discuss the nature and definition of virtues and other related problems that focus on the consequences of action. Virtue ethics or virtue theory is an approach to ethics that emphasizes an individuals character as the key element of ethical thinking, rather than rules about the acts themselves or their consequences consequentialism there are three main strands of virtue ethics eudaimonism is the classical formulation of virtue ethics. Devettere gives a clear and useful account of some of the distinctive features of virtuebased ethics, explaining the relationship between the virtues and personal happiness, and the importance of prudential reasoning in exercising the virtues. A particularly efficacious, good, or beneficial quality. Virtue ethics, in turn, is often conjoined with feminist ethics and ethics of care, as these began in western societies in the 1970s and 1980s. Michael slote oxford university press, 1997 ps primary source a primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides firsthand or direct evidence on a topic.
In ethics of care of equating this ethics with virtue ethics, some authors have suggested that this portrayal sounds very much like the description of an aristotelian virtue. This chapter introduces the basic elements of my pluralistic virtue ethics. See more ideas about virtue ethics, philosophy quotes and wisdom. But it is equally common, in relation to particular putative examples of virtues to give these truisms up.
The main premise of virtue theory lies upon three main principles. This volume brings together much of the most influential work undertaken in the field of virtue ethics over the last four decades. A virtue ethicist is likely to give you this kind of moral advice. For example, three classic representatives of virtue ethics emphasize contrary views on. A collection of wellknown papers on the virtues, with introductory essay. The handbook of eudaimonic wellbeing is edited by dr. Anscombe critical of modern ethics and advocating a return to the virtues. The list below is not exhaustive, and contains mostly recent books. Aristotelian virtue is defined in book ii of the nicomachean ethics as a purposive disposition, lying in a mean and being determined by the right reason. This compiles theory and empirical findings from researchers and academics from both historical and philosophical perspectives. Virtue ethics is primarily concerned with traits of character that are essential to human. I a virtue is a trait which allows one to ful ll ones function well. It may, initially, be identified as the one that emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to the approach that emphasizes duties or rules deontology or that emphasizes the consequences of actions consequentialism.
Nicomachean ethics is the name of a series of books that aristotle wrote about ethics. These include how virtues are acquired, how they are applied in various real. Virtue ethics year 10 religious studies libguides at. Aided by the possession of the complete text of aristotles ethics, st.
Virtue ethics describes a certain philosophical approach to questions about morality. In philosophy, the term virtue ethics refers to ethical systems that focus primarily on what sort of person one should try to be. Its important i think that you either read her book in full before moving on to other books, or somehow get the main content of the book from good secondary sources. At the same time, virtue ethics is arguably the oldest and most widespread ethical frameworkone that operates in what may be categorized as western, eastern, and still older indigenous societies, and. The ethics of virtue predominated in the ancient world, and recent moral philosophy has seen a revival of interest in virtue ethics as a.
I what is required to be an excellent teacher is di erent than what is required to be an excellent soldier, because teachers and soldiers have di erent functions i thus, there are di erent virtues for teachers, for soldiers. Ethics of caring and virtue ethics of virtue is the belief that if a person wants to be considered good, they do good things pollock, 1988. A virtue ethicist, however, would focus less on lying in any particular instance and instead consider what a decision to tell a lie or not tell a lie said about ones character and moral behavior. Aristotle first used the term ethics to name a field of study developed by his predecessors socrates and plato. Books on virtue ethics often have misleading titles that imply that growth of moral character is the topic at hand when in fact the book addresses specific virtues or virtue theory in general. Digital media ethics oxford research encyclopedia of. Contemporary interest in virtue ethics is often traced to elizabeth anscombes anscombe 1958. This pdf version matches the latest version of this entry. A study in moral theory by alasdair macintyre, the nicomachean ethics by aristotle, dialogues and essays by. In philosophy, ethics is the attempt to offer a rational response to the question of how humans should best live. This contrasts with dominant approaches to international ethics which prioritize the identification or development of moral rules or duties deontological approaches or the consequences of actions consequentialist approaches. Ethics philosophy synonyms, ethics philosophy pronunciation, ethics philosophy translation, english dictionary definition of ethics philosophy. Ethics philosophy definition of ethics philosophy by. Virtue ethics is currently one of three major approaches in normative ethics.
According to his definition, virtue is a good operative habit, or a habit that is good and productive of good summa theologiae 1a2ae, 56. Use the keywords virtue ethics to find encyclopedia definitions and other articles through this database. The ethics of the encyclopedia of philosophy 950 words. It holds that the proper goal of human life is eudaimonia. In the western tradition of philosophy, virtue ethics begins with the ethical writings of plato and aristotle, but in the eastern tradition its origins are even earlier. Anscombe critical of modern ethics and advocating a.
Hursthouses groundbreaking and accessible work on virtue theory. In ethics of virtue, happiness is always the outcome of a situation. To view the pdf, you must log in or become a member. Virtue morality definition whereas other moral theories concern themselves with the right action, virtue ethics is concerned with a life of moral excellence, i. Not opposed to a legitimate place for emotion in ethical discourse, aristotle outlined the importance of feeling at the proper times and for good. The completeness and consistency of its morality is the. His conclusions his views on form and matter, his definition of the soul, his conception of. Aristotle regarded ethics and politics as two related but separate fields of study, since ethics examines the good of the individual, while politics examines the good of.725 857 1163 1015 759 1073 1135 51 1400 61 970 1324 1053 294 1135 945 701 1114 1489 590 936 944 1308 1442 899 1030 583 502 916 479 1105 376 162 356 677 286 1470 405 1480 1108 44 249 615 1279 585 1334 624 302 94